[Submitted on 30 Oct 2023]

Download PDF

Abstract:The game of Othello is one of the world’s most complex and popular games that has yet to be computationally solved. Othello has roughly ten octodecillion (10 to the 58th power) possible game records and ten octillion (10 to the 28th power) possible game position. The challenge of solving Othello, determining the outcome of a game with no mistake made by either player, has long been a grand challenge in computer science. This paper announces a significant milestone: Othello is now solved, computationally proved that perfect play by both players lead to a draw. Strong Othello software has long been built using heuristically designed search techniques. Solving a game provides the solution which enables software to play the game perfectly.

Submission history

From: Hiroki Takizawa [view email]

[v1]
Mon, 30 Oct 2023 09:48:50 UTC (1,936 KB)

Read More